Lumbar Disorders – You may have had severe or mild pain in the waist area and worry about having a wrist disc. The temporary pain of the back is different from that of the lower back. Any lumbar pain can not be called a lumbar disc, so it is better to become familiar with the lower back disc:
What is a lumbar disc?
– Each person usually has 26 spines in his spine. The vertebrae are separated by flexible plates called intervertebral discs.
If for some reason the disc has a projection or hernia from the back, this part exerts pressure on the spinal cord or the spinal cord and causes pain in the lumbar region by spreading to the legs.
The so-called people with this disorder say that the lumbar disc hernia is the correct term. This disease is also called sciatica.
What is the cause of the hernia of the lower back disks? What happens to pathology?
– About 15 years later, an intervertebral disc changes, which is unavoidable. These changes will reduce the amount of water in the disc and reduce its flexibility. These changes occur earlier in some people and can be seen in some cases later. In the event of an inappropriate pressure on the worn wheel, the back of the disc is hurted or outward, and this extrusion presses on the spinal cord or its strands.
What is the disease of the lumbar disc disease? Does genetics have an effective role in creating it?
Lumbar disc disease is usually caused by the third decade, although in young women there is also a young disc, but it is rare. It is noteworthy that a young disc does not occur in the back of the lower back and in the back of the spine (upper part of the lumbar spine) occurs due to a blow and given the fact that there is no aging phenomenon for the disk at age 20, so to speak, degenerate and From the age of 20 onwards, the water content of the disks will be reduced to a minimum, allowing them to become more fragile and more tight. The higher the age, the greater the likelihood of a disc being found.
Where are the most common places for hernial discs? And with what clinical symptoms do patients refer to the doctor?
– The hernia of the disc may develop in the neck, back, or waist area. If the hernia is in the neck region, the patient will have pain in the neck and shoulders and arms. If the pressure on the spinal cord is high, the patient finds symptoms such as swollenness, anesthesia, cold or warming, weakness and pain in the forearm, palms, and fingers.
The hernia of the disc in the lumbar region causes pain in the back and shoulders of the back and shoulders. If the pressure on the spinal cord is high, the patient experiences knee-down symptoms such as pain, numbness, numbness, malaise, cold or warmth, recurrent muscular cramps, weakness or slack, a disease that has a lumbar disc. It can not flex easily and bends when the reggae stretches behind the knee. In the disease of the back pain, the patient’s pain becomes exacerbated by coughing.
Sometimes, patients with lumbar disc disease have only a weakness or weakness or pain in their legs, ankles, or toes, and their back is not pain at all. It is very difficult for most of these patients to accept that their problems are due to illness in the lumbar region.
How can a herniated disc be diagnosed with orthopedic diseases?
– There are many illnesses that cause back pain by spreading to the legs. Of these, diseases that are most commonly mistaken for the lumbar disc herniation include stretching of the ligaments or lumbar muscles, spinal canal stenosis, low back arthritis, some rheumatic diseases, infections such as brucellosis, tumors and diseases of the urinary system such as stones kidney.
What are the treatments for hernial disc herniation?
– Treatment varies according to the severity of the lumbar disc disease. In severe cases, the dislocation of the disk is large and causes lower limb paralysis or incontinence in urination or stool, surgery should be performed quickly. Surgical operations should be performed immediately in cases where a lumbar disc hernia has a slight paralysis, but gradually increasing paralysis. In other cases, patients with lumbar disc disease, usually for one week to 10 days, are recommended for rest.
During this time, the patient should avoid sitting even if he or she does not have to, and to avoid bending and straightening and removing heavy objects or driving. Usually, patients are prescribed analgesics during this period. Most patients with lumbar disc disease develop significantly during this 10-day period. After 10 to 14 days from the onset of the lumbar disc disease, a special exercise can be given to the patient, which includes water therapy and water walking in the shallow depths of the pool, as well as tensile exercises for the muscles of the waist and the abdomen for patients with the disease. It is useful to the waist disc.
Physiotherapy can also be used in patients with lumbar disc herniation. The effects of therapeutic methods such as acupuncture, cupping, leech and hot pressing have not been established. “Chiropractic” treatment in the waist may be dangerous and in a small percentage of patients it may exacerbate symptoms.
If 4 to 6 weeks of lumbar disc herniation passes through the patient and the patient will still feel severe pain especially in the legs or have a mild paralysis, but there is persistence in the lower extremity so that the patient can not do his or her daily routine well. Surgery is recommended.
How useful are these treatments for patients with lumbar disc herniation?
– A large percentage of patients with a lumbar disc herniation are fully recovered with and without surgical treatment. Of course, the likelihood of a recurrence of illness in them in the future, and you must always adhere to such things as avoiding the removal of heavy objects.
In some patients, the symptoms of lumbar disc disease are chronic, and for months or even years the patient periodically cures the symptoms of the disease.
In patients with lumbar discs that undergo surgery, if the patient’s choice is appropriate and surgery is well done, the patient is expected to recover from 90 to 95%. Most postoperative patients are suffering from lumbar pain, malaise, moormorus, and feeling cold in the legs.
– What are the possible side effects of lumbar disc herniation?
– In general, no surgery is uncomplicated. If the severity of the illness is so severe that it requires surgery and the surgeon has sufficient expertise. The incidence of postoperative complications is negligible.
Complications of the lumbar disc surgery include: 1. Infection; 2. Adhesion around the spinal cord; 3. Cramping of the spinal cord during surgery; 4. Injection of the spinal cord during surgery.
If these complications occur, the patient may not feel better after the operation or, in rare cases, feel more pain and weakness.
– What advice do you have for people?
Lumbar disc herniation is not a disease that can be completely prevented, but it’s better for all healthy people not to remove and place heavy objects. Exercise can also reduce the risk of hernia discomfort.
If you have lumbar pain and this pain is thrown into your thigh or leg, be sure to refer to a specialist doctor.
What are the remedies for treating rupture and rupture of the lumbar disc?
– If the patient has a timely delivery of the lumbar disc and is still ill, the majority of these patients will be relieved by the release of anti-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory drugs.
The next step is to treat a femur with a lumbar disc herniation and do a physiotherapy. Subsequently, by boosting the muscles around the spine with exercise or electrical stimulation, we reduce the burden and pressure on the spine to reduce the problem of the disease. However, if the lumbar disc disease is at an advanced stage and the person has a rupture and exhaustion and pressure on the nerve root, then this method can not be used.
In other words, each of the therapies must have a specific time and a specific point in order to obtain the desired result; for example, when the disk pushes the nerve root, physiotherapy and exercise may exacerbate the pain and even symptoms of various nerves and paralysis, Therefore, surgery should be used at this stage.
– Is there a possibility of recurrence after treatment of the lumbar disc?
– There is a possibility of recurrence in all methods of treating the lumbar disc, but usually the lungs are at higher and lower levels of the previously treated disc. Of course, it may sometimes occur at the same level as before. If the patient does well with the treatment and the exercises that are prescribed for him continue to reduce his weight, he may have no problem until the end of his life, but if he does not completely complete the treatment, it is possible to recur has it. In surgical procedures, it is the same.
When the patient is acting, he is advised to strengthen muscle and continue physiotherapy along with strengthening muscle. You should not lift heavy weights and repeat the mistakes that you have already done. Otherwise, it may fall on the same level or other levels. The surgical procedures also vary, and from small and closed operations to open and large operations.
For example, if the level is only one level and the patient is lean and the amount of depression is also low, then closed procedures can be used. If it is a bit more intense, we use microscopic methods, and if it is very severe and it affects several surfaces and the patient is obese, then open and extensive methods should be used.
The treatment and the type of operation are diagnosed by the physician, and for each patient, surgery is considered appropriate to his condition.
What are the possible consequences of no timely treatment of the lumbar disc?
Lack of timely treatment of the lumbar disc will worsen the patient’s condition and exacerbate the patient’s pain. Due to a small action, they may have to perform larger operations and may even destroy the disk and destroy their vertebrae and frustration of the nut, and as a result, we have to go through a whole vast process of inserting platinum and special metal devices Use the waist of the patient. Lack of timely treatment may cause complications such as permanent anesthesia or motor disorders, which can lead to leg cramps and stomach pains.
Also, the lack of timely treatment may cause urinary or bladder problems, or lead to problems with anal sphincter, and the patient will not be able to keep urine and stool. These problems in men cause sexual disabilities. Due to the fact that nerves, such as other tissues and skin, can not be restored and, if damaged, they will not return to their original state, so they must be treated with cure before injury.
General counseling for people with lumbar disc disease and other people
The best advice is that prevention is better than treatment. So firstly, we must try not to get sick at all. You should be in this connection all that with