Symptoms and ways to treat bone cancer

Bone Cancer
Bone cancer is also known as sarcombe sarcoma and is common in the whole world. Bone cancer is a rare cancer that forms in the bone marrow. Bones form the structure as a body support structure and shape the body, which acts as a supportive mechanism for muscle building and also protects the organs of the body.


Most bones are hollow and composed of a hard outer part where calcium compounds precipitate, an internal sponge tissue that holds the bone marrow that makes the blood cells and stores them, and cartilage On each bone head that acts like a cushion between the bones.


Bone cancer can occur from adolescence to aging, causing paralysis or death of the infected person.


Bone cancer pain, signs of bone cancer in the blood

Bone cancer is a rare cancer that forms in the bone marrow


The most common symptoms of bone cancer

• Pain: The pain in the bone with cancer is the most common symptom of it. At first the pain may be occasional. The pain may be increased at night, or the severity increases when the individual is taking the appropriate member.

For example, the pain of a tumor in the leg of the leg may be increased by walking. When the cancer progresses, the pain may be permanent, however, its severity usually increases with activity.


Swelling: Another symptom of bone cancer is localized swelling in one area of the body. This swelling may be treated as a localized mass by the patient.

• Fractures: Bone cancer may weaken the bone and cause it to fracture. When a bone with a cancer is broken, the patient usually says that he has had a slight pain in the limb, which suddenly increases in intensity. Fractures associated with cancer are called fractures or pathologic fractures.


• Other Symptoms: Bone cancer can cause other symptoms, such as fatigue, severe weakness or sudden weight loss. When cancer cells invade the internal organs, they may also develop symptoms associated with it. For example, when a bone cancer spreads to the lungs, the patient may have respiratory problems.


What is the cause of bone cancer?

Causes are generally unknown. Although some information is known about some of the cancers, genetically effective agents, in terms of some viruses and other factors that somewhat achieved it, have been shown to be the initiator of a disease Cancer.


Certainly, with the available information, cancer does not come with a single agent, and it always needs a favorable environment, and naturally, at a certain age, a certain cancer may occur, which, of course, is unfortunately rare.


Bone cancer pain, signs of bone cancer in the blood


Types of bone cancer

Bone cancer can be the primary type (malignant tumor), where cancer develops in bone marrow. Or it can be secondary (bone marrow) where the cancer spreads from another part of the body to the bone.


Primary bone cancer

Cancer (Osteosarcoma) is also known as a malignant osteogenic tumor. Osteosarcoma, the most common bone cancer, usually begins in the bones of the arm, leg or pelvis, between the ages of 10 and 30.


Chondrosarcoma: This type of bone cancer is formed in the cartilage cells and is the second most common cancer of the bone. This cancer occurs at the age of under 20 years and is less likely to develop with age.


Ewing’s tumor is also known as Ewing’s malignant tumor. The cancer starts in the bones, but it can also begin in other tissues and in the muscles.


It is the third most common cancer of the bone and is usually formed in the body of children and adolescents. Fibrosarcoma and its pathogenic fibrous histiocytoma – Both types of these cancers occur in the soft tissue around the bone and are most commonly seen in adults. These two types of cancer affect the arms, legs, and jaw.


A giant bone tumor, this type of bone cancer can be both benign and malignant, which is, of course, more benign type. This cancer affects the arm or leg, occurs in the middle ages and does not extend. The cancer returns after surgery, and tends to spread to other parts of the body.

Cancer (Chordoma): Often seen among people 30 years of age or more. This kind of bone cancer affects the spine and skull. The cancer is twice as high among women as it is, and grows without spreading. After surgery, this type of bone cancer returns and usually spreads to the lungs, liver and lymph nodes.


Secondary bone cancer

Bone metamorphosis: Bone metamorphosis is a form of bone cancer that occurs in another part of the body and spreads through the bloodstream or lymph system to the bones.


This kind of cancer can be formed in any part of the body and is more likely to develop in bones near the center of the body, such as the pelvis or spine.


Prevention of bone cancer

The main cause of bone cancer is unknown, it seems that prevention can not be prevented, but radiation avoidance (such as radiotherapy) and certain chemicals that are known to cause bone tumors (no contact with radioactive compounds and Nuclear) prevent bone cancer.


Bone cancer pain, signs of bone cancer in the blood

Bone cancer may weaken the bone and cause it to fracture


Diagnosis of bone cancer

– To diagnose bone cancer, the doctor asks for questions about medical, family and personal history, as well as a complete examination of the patient.


– The surgeon may perform needle biopsy (biopsy) or shear biopsy.


– When needle biopsy, the surgeon creates a small hole in the bone and removes a sample of the tumor with a device like a needle.

In a shear biopsy, the surgeon will cut off the tumor and remove a tissue sample.

A pathologist tests the tissue to determine whether it is cancerous.


Bone cancer pain, signs of bone cancer in the blood

To diagnose bone cancer, the doctor will ask you questions about medical history


Bone Cancer Treatment

ο The choice of treatment depends on the type, size, stage of cancer, age and general health of the patient.


ο Surgery is often the first choice of treatment, although sometimes it’s necessary to cut off the organ.


ο In chemotherapy, the surgeon removes only the bone marrow without amputation and replaces the cancerous portion with a prosthetic device.


ο Chemotherapy and radiotherapy may be used alone or together.


Bone cancer pain, signs of bone cancer in the blood

Drinking liquids, such as water, tea, and dough, is recommended for patients with bone cancer



♦ Due to the malignancy of these patients and the fact that heavy chemotherapy courses reduce appetite sensation and nausea and vomiting, these patients lose a lot of their weight and energy.


♦ Heavy surgeries, along with the use of strong and long-lasting antibiotics, will further exacerbate this nutritional problem. As a result, these patients, and especially families, are extremely worried about excessive weight loss and are trying to fix it.

♦ It is recommended to encourage patients to eat healthy, natural and comfortable foods and arrest them from heavy, high-fat foods or spices and herbs.


♦ It is better to reduce the amount of each meal per meal, but increase the number of meals.