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Glomerulonephritis (inflammation of the kidney capillaries)

Types of Glomerulonephritis
♦ Acute Glomerulonephritis
A term that includes a set of diseases, most of which are caused by an immunological response, which in turn causes cellular and inflammatory changes in glomerular building. Acute glomerulonephritis is two types:

Type 1: Glomerulonephritis after infection: Classically, a b-hemolytic streptococcal infection (a type of bacteria) has existed elsewhere in the body. It usually occurs 21 hours after respiratory or skin infection. It is mainly in children (95%), in adults 30% of cases lead to chronic renal failure.

Type II: Infectious Glumuronfritis: Is associated with bacterial, viral or parasitic infections elsewhere in the body that occurs within days of the initial infectious process.
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♦ Chronic glomerulonephritis
Includes a diverse range of diseases with various causes. With the destruction of glomeruli and tubules due to pathologic processes, the kidneys are small and heavily combined. Fiber-tissue tissue is the substitute for renal tissue. Sclerosis of the blood vessels of the kidney also occurs. This causes kidney infection.

Asymptomatic glomerulonephritis, inflammation of the kidney capillaries

 Causes of Glomerulonephritis Disease

Common symptoms of glomerulonephritis
Mild glomerulonephritis does not cause any symptoms, and diagnosis can only be done by the urine test. Severe glomerulonephritis causes the following symptoms:
• Urine dark or slightly red
• Feeling bored
• Drowsiness
• Nausea or vomiting
• Headache
• Sometimes fever
• Anorexia
• Reduce urine
• Shortness of breath
• Increased blood pressure
• Protein in the urine
• Visual disturbance (due to high blood pressure)
• The accumulation of fluid in the body, especially the puffiness of the eyes and ankle swelling

Complications of glomerulonephritis
Complications of glomerulonephritis include: acute renal failure, chronic renal failure, hypertension, nephrotic syndrome.

Asymptomatic glomerulonephritis, inflammation of the kidney capillaries

Evaluation and diagnosis of glomerulonephritis
Diagnostic measures include blood counting, urine tests frequently to determine the presence of protein or other abnormal elements in the urine, 24-hour urine collection to be sent to the test, measurement of the antibody titre of the antidropectomy, and tests for the kidney function.

◊ The primary symptom of microscopic hematuria and hematuria (blood in urine) is clear.
◊ Proteinuria (protein in the urine)
◊ Increase Streptolysin O Styrene Tetanus
◊ Increased serum creatinine and urea
◊ anemia (anemia)

Asymptomatic glomerulonephritis, inflammation of the kidney capillaries

Glomerulonephritis disease

Glomerulonephritis treatment
1. If blood pressure is high, blood pressure is reduced with sodium and water restriction.

2. Antihypertensive drugs are also used if the blood pressure is high.

3. To improve the nutritional status of the patient, high-protein proteins should be given.

4. Treat your urinary tract immediately.

5. Use diuretics (medicines to reduce uric acid) to reduce fluid intake.

6. In the event of a severe edema, for the sake of comfort and better urination, raise the patient’s head.

7. Weigh the patient on a daily basis.

8. Depending on the ability of the kidneys to dispose of water and sodium, adjust the sodium and water intake to the patient.

9. Supplements of iron and vitamin are given in the presence of anemia.

Corticosteroid or cytotoxic drugs if severe.

11. In the early stages of the disease, dialysis, in order to maintain a favorable physical condition of the patient, prevents the loss of water and electrolyte balance and reduces the risk of complications of renal failure.

Glomerulonephritis prevention
– Avoid contact with patients who have Streptococcal Infections.
– Refer to a doctor for antibiotic treatment of any infection that may be streptococcal.