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What is Crohn’s disease? (CART, symptoms and treatment)

Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease, in which inflammatory bowel disease is caused. It is a chronic disease and usually occurs in two periods of age: one between 10 and 30 years old, and another around 60 years of age and later. When Crohn’s disease begins, it can cause symptoms that go away all the time.

 

In this disease, any part of the gastrointestinal tract can develop and inflammation of the entire thickness of the intestinal wall affects, and therefore may cause abscesses, a fistula (an abnormal pathway, from the intestine to the parts and other organs of the body ) Or stenosis in the intestines. The lesions and inflammatory injuries affect the intestinal wall as part of the episode, and inflammation is not continuous along the wall, but rather a stain.

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Useful foods for Crohn’s disease, early signs of Crohn’s disease

Crohn’s disease is more common in people with a family member

 

Causes of Crohn’s disease:

The underlying cause of the disease is still unknown. Previously, stress and diet seemed to be the cause of the disease, but now doctors know that they both exacerbate the disease but are not the cause of the disease. A bunch of reasons, such as inheritance and immune deficiency, are likely to contribute to the onset of the disease.

 

• Immune system: It may be a bacteria and a disease-causing virus. When the immune system is trying to deal with an invasive microorganism, an abnormal immune response causes gastrointestinal symptoms and symptoms.

 

• Inheritance: Crohn’s disease is more common in people with a family member. Therefore, genes are involved in predisposing individuals to Crohns, but most people with Crohn’s disease do not have a family history of the disease.

 

Useful foods for Crohn’s disease, early signs of Crohn’s disease

Many Crohn’s patients experience a mild fever that is due to infections or inflammation
ο Age: Crohns of any age can occur, but more often in young ones. Most people with advanced Crohn’s disease are diagnosed before their 30th birthday.

 

ο Ethnicity: Although Crohn’s disease occurs in any group and ethnicity, white people of Eastern Europe and Jews are at the highest risk.

 

ο Family history: You have a higher risk of developing a disease if your father, mother or sibling or child has the disease. Of all 5 people with Crohn’s disease, 1 has a positive family history.

 

ο Smoking: Smoking is the most controllable risk factor in progressive Crohn’s disease. Cigarette smoking also increases the severity of the disease and increases the risk of need for surgery.

 

ο Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): These drugs include ibuprofen, sodium naproxen, sodium diclofenac, and the like. While these drugs do not cause Crohn’s disease, they can lead to inflammation of the intestine and worsen the disease.

 

ο Where you live: If you live in a city or an industrialized country, you have a better chance of getting sick. This suggests that environmental factors include high-fat diet and refined foods.

 

People living in more northerly climates appear to be at higher risk.

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Useful foods for Crohn’s disease, early signs of Crohn’s disease

Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease

 

Symptoms of Crohn’s disease:

In some patients with Crohn’s disease, the only part of the small intestine (ileum) is damaged. While in others, the disease may affect the entire colon (colon). Common areas of inflammation are Crohn’s disease in the small intestine and colon (colon).

 

Symptoms and symptoms of Crohn’s disease can be classified from mild to severe. Symptoms usually change gradually from mild to severe, but sometimes some patients suddenly experience severe symptoms. Even in periods of illness, signs are completely eliminated, which is called the period of illness.

 

When the illness is in its active period, symptoms can include:
Diarrhea: Diarrhea is a common problem in patients with Crohn’s disease. Severe cramps that can be exacerbated by bowel movements can lead to loose stools.

 

◊ Fever and fatigue: Many Crohn’s patients experience a degree of mild fever, possibly due to infection or inflammation. Even the feeling of tiredness and energy shortage are sometimes experienced.
◊ Abdominal pain and inflammation: Inflammation and ulceration can affect the natural movements of the substance inside the digestive tract, leading to chills and pain. Patients may experience a brief discomfort to severe abdominal pain associated with nausea and vomiting.

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◊ Blood in the stool: The patient may notice a clear blood circulation or dark blood in his stool in the toilet. You may also have a bleeding in the stool, which is not known in the stool appearance.

 

◊ Oral ulcers: Oral ulcers may appear like pests.

 

◊ Lack of appetite and weight loss: Sore throat, cramps and inflammatory responses to the intestinal wall can affect appetite and digestion and absorption of food.

 

◊ Problems around the anus: You may experience pain and puffiness due to inflammation near the anus. These secretions go through one or more delicate skin tunnels around the anus called the fistula.

 

Severe Crohns can experience the following symptoms:

– Inflammation of the skin, eyes, joints

– Inflammation of the liver or biliary tract

– Late maturity and sexual development in children

Crohn’s disease complications:

♦ Inflammation (redness, pain and swelling) in peripheral joints such as wrists, knees, elbows and ankles or inflammation

 

♦ joints in the spine; the most commonly noted intestine in the crown)

 

♦ Liver and diphtheria disorders such as inflammation in the liver or biliary stomach

 

♦ skin manifestations such as wounds in the legs or red and painful bulges in the front of the leg

 

♦ Ocular problems with symptoms such as fear of light, blurred vision, conjunctivitis and headache

 

♦ Other complications such as stomach, anemia, and cancerous lesions in the large intestine

 

♦ Stenosis and obstruction of the narrow intestine or large intestine

 

♦ Fistula (abnormal pathway formation, from the inside of the intestine to the parts and other organs of the body), which leads to spontaneous evacuation of the intestine into the intestine, intestine into the bladder, intestine to the skin and …

 

♦ An abscess (a collection of pus) around the intestines or adjacent members

 

How should you see your doctor?

1. If you or a family member have symptoms of Crohn’s disease.

 

2. If your bowel movements are black and rude or there is blood.

 

3. If your stomach is swollen.

 

4. If the body temperature goes above 38.3 ° C.

 

Useful foods for Crohn’s disease, early signs of Crohn’s disease

 

Crohn’s disease test and diagnosis:

There is no definitive diagnostic tool for the Crohns, and your doctor will discriminate against other causes for your Crohn’s symptoms. Probably your doctor will use radiology and colonoscopy along with sampling to confirm your diagnosis. You may need one or two other tests and procedures.

 

¤ Blood test: Anemia test or infection. Doctors may ask you to have a blood test to check for anemia or infection symptoms. At present, the most authoritative scientific resources have not identified any blood ID for the diagnosis of Crohn’s disease. Hidden blood tests in the stool are sometimes done.

 

¤ Procedures

 

Colonoscopy: In a colonoscopy, a rigid tubing with a camera inserted in it allows your doctor to see the entire length of the large intestine. During your colonoscopy, your doctor will take samples of the intestinal tissue for further examination and confirmation of Crohn’s disease. The presence of cluster inflammatory cells in the intestinal wall helps to diagnose the disease.

 

¤ Swap syndrome: In this procedure, your doctor will only look at the end of the large intestine (sigmoid).

 

¤ CT Scan: CT Scan provides more comprehensive information than simple images. In this process, a complete look out to the intestines is thrown.

 

¤ CT Enterography: A special type of CT scan that takes better pictures of the small intestine. This test replaces X-rays with many X-rays.

 

¤ Endoscopic Capsule: For this test, you swallow a capsule that has a camera inside it. The camera takes multiple photos that are transmitted to the computer.

 

The photos are then reviewed and interpreted to examine the symptoms of Crohn’s disease. The camera is repelled through your stool. Despite the endoscopic capsule, colonoscopy may still be required along with biopsy.

 

¤ MRI: In this experiment, images of internal organs are obtained from a magnetic environment and radio waves. This test is especially useful for investigating fistula or small intestinal examination.

 

¤ Double Endoscopy Balloon: To perform this test, a longer endoscopic device is used that the conventional endoscopic device is not able to access to those areas. This technique is used when the endoscopic capsule shows an abnormal problem, but the diagnosis remains obscure.

 

¤ Photographing from the small intestine: In this small intestine test, it is not detectable in colonoscopy. First, you will drink a barium-containing liquid, and the doctor will use the CT scan or MRI as needed.

 

Useful foods for Crohn’s disease, early signs of Crohn’s disease

Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Crohn’s disease and help reduce inflammation of the intestine

 

Crohn’s disease treatment:

Medications effectively improve symptoms of Crohn’s disease. Often, these drugs act by preventing inflammation of the intestine. For example, drugs called aminosalicylates are the first drugs that are used in the treatment. Coronary medications may also be used in moderate to severe Crohn’s disease.

 

Antibiotics are also used in the treatment of Crohn’s disease and help eliminate bacteria in the intestinal tract and reduce inflammation. Immunosuppressive drugs are also used in some cases, but because of many complications, the doctor does not even use them. There are other medications that help with Crohn’s treatment and the doctor may use them depending on the patient’s condition.

 

Surgery is another way of healing. In the surgery, some parts of the intestine are removed. Surgery is recommended only in cases where:

 

– Intestinal obstruction has arisen.

Despite the correct drug treatment, symptoms persist.

– Fistulas do not improve against drug treatments.

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Useful foods for Crohn’s disease, early signs of Crohn’s disease

Crohn’s disease can increase the risk of large intestinal cancers

 

Diet in Crohn’s Disease:

Diet is also effective in treating Crohn’s disease. Although scientifically, no particular diet for inflammatory bowel disease has been scientifically proven to be effective, most doctors believe that the patient can understand what stimulant foods are their symptoms, especially during exacerbations.

Chewing gum in Crohn’s disease:

Diet is also effective in treating Crohn’s disease. Although scientifically, no particular diet for inflammatory bowel disease has been scientifically proven to be effective, most doctors believe that the patient can understand what stimulant foods are their symptoms, especially during exacerbations.

 

When you avoid foods that stimulate your symptoms, you will find that symptoms such as intestinal gas, bloating, abdominal pain, cramps and diarrhea are more likely to be controlled. By reducing these symptoms, you have the opportunity to heal your inflamed intestine.

 

Food supplements in Crohn’s disease include:

· Any alcoholic beverage

Butter, oil, vegetable butter, mayonnaise

· Sparkling drinks

· Coffee, tea, chocolate

· Corn flakes

· Dairy products (in the case of lactose intolerance)

Fatty foods and frying foods

· High-quality foods

Foods that produce gas and bloat (lentils, spinach, beans, onions and cabbage)

Nuts and Edible Nuts (Peanut butter and other seeds)

Raw Fruits

Raw Vegetables

·Red Meat

· Spicy foods

· Whole grains and bran

 

Useful foods for Crohn’s disease, early signs of Crohn’s disease

The diet is effective in treating Crohn’s disease

 

Prevention of Crohn’s disease:

There is no way to prevent the disease. But you should avoid situations that harm your body. In anesthetious times, have a proper and balanced diet to provide the vitamins and ingredients you need. By doing this, you reduce the incidence of bad nutrition, such as anemia and weight loss.

 

Do not smoke!

Crohn’s disease can increase the risk of large intestinal cancers. In order to find pre-cancerous lesions or cancer in its early stages, it should be regularly examined under the Large Intestine. You should get regular colonoscopy. Colonoscopy should be done every one to two years. crohn's-disease2-e10