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Complications of uncontrolled diabetes

There is a general controversy about how and how much information is provided about diseases. Some people believe that this volume of available information not only does not help the audience, but gives the most detailed details about diseases a kind of general fear and concern. While a disease does not show up in the same way, treatment is not the same for everyone.

For this reason, today a term called “unique medicine” has been introduced. On the other hand, many also believe that raising awareness and raising the level of education of the community helps to better control and prevent many complications and reduce the cost of treatment.
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It is a double-edged disease; if a person accepts his condition and goes to war with regular diets and medicines, he will be in high-yield cases, but many will not take it seriously and will not take the necessary precautions. It’s as if thinking that the bad things that fall for the rest do not matter to them, but diabetes does not joke with anyone, and neglecting such a corruptible disease can be very expensive.

Type 1 or 2 diabetes?
Undoubtedly, you are familiar with the differences in type 1 and type 2 diabetes, but only to remind you that the first or insulin-dependent insulin does not produce enough insulin, but insulin does not produce enough insulin in the second or non-insulin, but sensitivity Cells are reduced to that, which is called insulin resistance. This requires first-line insulin injection, but not in the second type. This has led many to think that type 2 diabetes is better than the first one, but this belief is false. Diabetes is not good and bad, and if it’s not controlled, both are at a dangerous level.

Slow blood sugar
Reducing blood glucose can happen to anyone; for example, during intense hunger or after heavy exercise, it can easily be solved. However, hypoglycemia or severe hyperglycemia are one of the common problems of diabetics and an emergency medical condition. Generally, if the blood glucose reaches below 70mg / dl, the person has hypoglycemia. Symptoms of hypoglycemia differ in severity, but in acute conditions it can cause fainting, coma and even death. For treatment, the person should take a sweet snack as soon as possible; for example, natural juice, raisins, candy and, if necessary, glucose tablets. This is exactly where the importance of controlling blood glucose levels in diabetics is doubled.

Increased blood glucose
Generally, if your fasting blood sugar (after 8 hours) is above 130mg / dl, the person with hyperglycemia is. Of course, blood glucose above 180mg / d after food intake is also a symptom of this problem because the blood sugar levels of healthy people reach normal levels above 140mg / dl, except when they eat a lot of heavy food. Diabetics usually have this problem for the following reasons:

Do not eat drugs or do not inject insulin

High carbohydrate intake: Since diabetics are always at risk of falling blood sugar, they tend to be fond of consuming sugar and sweets and high-fat foods, even though they have not had any interest in these foods in the past.

Infection

High stress

Reduce physical activity and exercise

Increased blood glucose levels can be seriously affected if not treated early. Ketoacidosis, for example, in people with type 1 diabetes and diabetic patients with type II diabetes.
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What is ketoacidosis?
One of the medical emergencies that occurs due to uncontrolled hyperglycemia and can endanger the patient’s diabetes. When the body encounters insulin deficiency, it can not convert the blood sugar into the body’s energy. So instead of looking at the body fat stores. The stored fat is converted to ketone once it is released, but since the ketone production rate is greater than the rate of consumption, its level in the blood rises to a level that ultimately enters the urine.

On the other hand, high blood sugar that enters the urine may cause dehydration or severe dehydration. Treatment for this problem is the rapid injection of insulin prescribed by your doctor, drinking non-sugared liquids, and regular monitoring of blood glucose and ketone urine. If ketoacidosis is not treated promptly, it can lead to coma and death.

With this account, knowing the early signs of hyperglycemia can be decisive for death and life. These symptoms include:
Intense thirst
Headache
Decentralization
Blurred vision
Frequent urination
Fatigue and weakness
Weight loss
Blood glucose levels above 180mg / dl

Uncontrolled hyperuricemia can, in the long run, cause many problems for diabetics, including:
Skin and vaginal infection
Improvement of fast wound healing
Reduce visual acuity
Damage to the nerves of the feet that causes them to be anesthetized.
Hair loss, especially in the legs
Erectile dysfunction
Digestive diseases such as chronic constipation or diarrhea
Damage to the eyes, blood vessels and kidneys

Prevention is still the best treatment; therefore, in order to prevent the complications of hyperglycemia, you should regularly check your blood glucose, drink more water, and exercise, albeit under the supervision of your doctor and have a proper diet.

Cardiovascular disease
Cardiovascular disease is the main problem for people who have not controlled their diabetes well. According to World Health Organization statistics, last year, about 68 percent of deaths from diabetics over 65 were due to heart disease, especially myocardial infarction. However, using the prescribed medications and proper diet can greatly prevent these problems. Smoking makes the person at risk of developing cardiovascular disease by itself. Now imagine a smoker will have diabetes. Smoking decreases the blood flow of the vessels and their stenosis, especially in the legs. This is the main cause of cutaneous legs in diabetic people.

stroke
Stroke is another complication of diabetes that can cause death. According to World Health Organization statistics, about 16% of the deaths of people over 65 were due to stroke last year.
 
kidney Diseases
One of the most dangerous and lethal side effects of diabetes is kidney disease, especially kidney failure. According to World Health Organization statistics, 44% of diabetes-related kidney failure is reported. Typically, the use of high blood pressure medications can reduce the risk of kidney failure death by up to 33% even if the person is not at high blood pressure.

Wound infection and blood infection
The body of diabetics is highly prone to wounding. Unfortunately, the body of diabetics can not heal the wounds so much so that they can be infected. If the wound becomes infected, it quickly becomes acute and becomes severe. When the body’s infection rate goes up, the body responds to it as a septicemia or blood infection.

This process can lead to the entry of toxic and dangerous substances into the bloodstream and ultimately to septic shock. Sepsis takes lives for thousands of people every year and is one of the most dangerous complications of diabetes. With this, careful care and prevention of injuries to body parts, especially legs, is important in diabetic patients.

Nerve damage
High blood sugar and blood pressure in diabetics may ultimately lead to nerve damage in the body. Damaging the nerves of the body can cause digestive diseases, erectile dysfunction and leg damage. Damaging the nerves of the foot causes pain, burning and eventually anesthesia.

Foot anesthesia is one of the most important and most dangerous complications of diabetes, as it causes unwanted ulcers and severe infections. This can ultimately cause the legs to stop. Generally, diabetics are at a 25% higher risk of amputation. With this in mind, diabetics should regularly check their legs and follow the doctor.

Diabetes, diabetes treatment, kidney disease
Diabetes and pregnancy
Pregnant women with any type of diabetes should be more careful than others, because diabetes, if left unchecked, can cause many problems for the baby and the mother during pregnancy and even after it.

To prevent any problem, pregnant mothers should first maintain their blood glucose levels. High blood sugar during pregnancy, in addition to having a lot of pressure on the fetus, can lead to birth defects, fetal bruising, and sudden and sudden cramping of fetal blood sugar after birth.
On the other hand, children who are more likely to have high blood sugar during pregnancy are more likely to develop diabetes in adulthood.

Is there a way to prevent it?
The most important issue for people with diabetes is to control the disease and take it seriously. Any tricky thing to do this can lead to the destruction of the body’s cells and eventually death.
Avoid smoking very tightly.

Exercise regularly.

Be sensitive to your feet.

Check your legs daily. Wash them well and dry thoroughly, and grease your feet to prevent cracking your skin.

Wear slippers at home and use out loose leather shoes.

Remember your legs are not likely to feel the warmth and the cold well; so be careful about your surroundings and, for example, when you go to the bathroom, control the temperature of the water with your hand.

Take off your nails.

See the smallest symptom of the wound immediately and see a doctor immediately and do not walk and relax after receiving the right treatment.