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Does anemia lead to bruising?

When the number of platelets is less than normal, the process of blood clotting is not well done, which often results in excessive bleeding and bruising.
Bruises are caused as a result of injury to one or more blood vessels due to a skin injury. Blood from these damaged blood vessels leaks into the surrounding tissue and causes bruising.

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But sometimes bruises appear for no apparent reason. In the meantime, anemia is one of the things that can lead to bruising.
Unreasonable bruises are common in certain types of anemia, which are known as aplastic anemia. Aplastic anemia is a medical condition that is defined not only by the small number of red blood cells, but also the small number of white blood cells and platelets. When the number of platelets is less than normal, the process of blood clotting is not well done, which often results in excessive bleeding and bruising.

Other symptoms and symptoms of aplastic anemia include:
Pale skin
Fatigue
Dizziness
Headache
Skin rash
Shortness of breath
Fast and irregular heartbeat
Bleeding gums
nose bleeding
Prolonged bleeding from one cavity and so on

Aplastic anemia has progressed slowly over the course of several weeks and months. Sometimes it may suddenly emerge and even threaten the person’s life. Aplastic anemia may also be a chronic condition.

The cause of bruising, the cause of bruising without a hit

Unreasonable bruises are common in certain types of anemia

Causes of aplastic anemia
As noted, anemia, especially aplastic anemia, can cause bruising. There are two types of aplastic anemia:

Acquired aplastic anemia
Acquired aplastic anemia is an autoimmune disorder that is caused by the destruction of blood cells by the immune system. This kind of anemia can begin at any age, and affects both men and women. About 75% of the cases are acquired idiopathic (non-invasive) acquired aplastic anemia, which means that the actual cause is unclear. Nevertheless, the following can be attributed to the possible causes of acquired aplastic anemia:
Radiation therapy or chemotherapy for cancer treatment
Poisons
Infectious diseases such as cytomegalovirus or HIV
Treatments for other autoimmune diseases
Pregnancy

Hereditary aplastic anemia
Hereditary aplastic anemia is a genetic disorder that is transmitted from parent to child. This type of aplastic anemia is more common than the acquired type, and is typically detected during childhood. Some inherited medical conditions that can lead to aplastic anemia include:
Disjuncion Conjenita
Fanconi anemia
Diamond-Blackhead anemia
Schweichmann-Diamond syndrome

Another type of hereditary aplastic anemia is diagnosed among adults. This type, recently discovered, is formed by short telomeres. Special tests are needed to diagnose this type of aplastic anemia.

How to treat aplastic anemia
An aplastic anemia, regardless of whether it is inherited or acquired, is one of the reasons for the formation of bruising, and appropriate treatment for bruising is necessary. Here’s more about some of the therapies available for aplastic anemia.

Blood injection
To reduce the symptoms of aplastic anemia and control bleeding, it is often necessary to have blood transfusions. It should be noted that blood transfusion is not a cure for this type of anemia. This action only has a temporary relief of symptoms. Blood transfusions typically include the transfer of red blood cells or platelets. Red blood cell transfusions increase their number in the bloodstream of the person, as the injection of platelets helps to prevent excessive hemorrhage.

In general, there are no limits when the number of blood transfusions is given to a person. However, blood transfusions have side effects and effects. After several injections of red blood cells, iron accumulation occurs in the human body, which affects the vital organs. In addition, the human body may release antibodies against red blood cells, which reduces their effectiveness. Regular use of immunosuppressants will prevent these conditions.

The cause of bruising, the cause of bruising without a hit

Unreasonable bruises are common in certain types of anemia

Stem cell transplantation
In severe aplastic anemia, stem cell transplantation is the only option for successful treatment. Stem cell transplantation is commonly known as bone marrow transplantation. This is a better treatment for young and healthy patients. A compatible donor is needed, which is usually a sick sister or brother.

As with other therapies, stem cell transplantation has its own particular risks and side effects. There is always the possibility of rejection of the transplant by the body, which leads to the formation of adverse effects on the individual’s life.

Systemic suppressants
Immunosuppressive drugs are necessary for patients who can not perform bone marrow transplants and for those who have aplastic anemia due to autoimmune disorders. Immunosuppressant drugs inhibit the activity of the immune system, which allows the bone marrow to be resuscitated and produce new blood cells. When the use of these drugs is stopped, there is a possibility of a return to aplastic anemia.

Bone marrow stimulants
Certain types of medications, such as apoetin alpha, filgrastim, etc., may help stimulate the bone marrow to produce new blood cells.

Antibiotics and anti-viruses
The aplastic anemia will weaken the patient’s immune system. This means that you will be more vulnerable to bacterial and viral infections. Therefore, antibiotics and various antiviruses are often prescribed by the doctor.

Other treatments
If aplastic anemia is caused by chemotherapy or radiation therapy for cancer, anemia will improve when these therapies stop.
If pregnancy is the cause of aplastic anemia, after the end of this period, anemia will also improve. If there is no improvement after birth, other medications will be prescribed by the prescriber.